An interesting trip to Antarctica

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An interesting trip to Antarctica

Antarctica is the most severe climatic region of the Earth. The lowest temperature was fixed at ° C. And soon there comes summer!
Went to the Antarctic?

McMurdo Station, Ross Island, Antarctica. This is the largest settlement, port, transport hub and research center in Antarctica. Belongs to the US Antarctic Program, but also serves stations and research programs of other states. the population is about 1300 people.

We are greeted! The name Antarctica derives from Greek words and means the region opposite to the Arctic, from other Greek. ἀντί (anti) - against and (arktikos) - northern (ἄρκτος (arctos) - bear, in the constellation Ursa Major).

The Church of the Holy Trinity is the Russian Orthodox Church on the island of Waterloo (South Shetland Islands) in Antarctica, not far from the Russian polar station Bellingshausen. The church has a height of 15 meters and can accommodate up to 30 people.

The Dolphin of Commerceton, or the colorful dolphin. Because of the uniqueness of the natural conditions of Antarctica and its long-term isolation, its flora and fauna are very unique. Thus, in the Antarctic there are no land mammals and freshwater fish.

Antarctica includes Antarctica and the adjacent islands and areas of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The southern sections of these oceans within the Antarctic are often isolated in a separate Southern Ocean.

On the mainland are nesting 2 species of penguins: the emperor penguin and Adélie penguin. Two more species appear on the mainland, but nest only on the Antarctic Peninsula: the Antarctic penguin and the subantarctic penguin.

The highest recorded temperature was ° C (King Edward Point, South Georgia), the lowest - ° C (Japanese Dome Fuji Station, Queen Maud Land, December 2013). The average temperature in summer is -30 ° C, in winter - -60 ° C. And soon there will be summer.

Milky Way in the night sky over the McMurdo station. Now the station is a functional modern scientific center and the largest community in the Antarctic, has 3 aerodromes (of which 2 are seasonal), a place for helicopter landing and more than 100 buildings. At the station there are greenhouses, supplying personnel with fresh products.

Every few years, Russian and American scientists launch balloons filled with high-tech equipment into the cold polar air and give them to the wind for the next few weeks. The "balloons" used by scientists help in the search for ultrahigh-energy neutrinos. These particles are the traces of the most powerful explosions and disasters of the universe, taking place in the centers of galaxies, the vicinity of supermassive black holes and other parts of the universe, the nature of which astronomers continue to argue.

Searching for "ultrahigh" neutrinos American scientists involved in the project ANITA (Antarctic Impulse Transient Antenna), engaged for ten years, and they have not found any such particles. While this is not a problem - another project of this kind, the high-altitude telescope of Pierre Auger in Chile, has discovered only two or three dozen cosmic rays of ultrahigh energy over decades of almost continuous work. "Neighbor" ANITA, the IceCube telescope at the South Pole, managed to find just a few dozen neutrinos that flew to Earth from distant galaxies.

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